Share Shares If there is a common thread linking these momentous historic trials, it is the thread of injustice: There is solace in the fact that this tendency towards cruelty is balanced by the human inclination to be generous and good.
The new website has a cleaner look, additional video and audio clips, revised trial accounts, and new features that should improve the navigation. Why, in a society enjoying more freedom and democracy than any the world had ever seen, would a seventy-year-old philosopher be put to death for what he was teaching?
The puzzle is all the greater because Socrates had taught--without molestation--all of his adult life. What could Socrates have said or done than prompted a jury of Athenians to send him to his death just a few years before he would have died naturally?
Finding an answer to the mystery of the trial of Socrates is complicated by the fact that the two surviving accounts of the defense or apology of Socrates both come from disciples of his, Plato and Xenophon.
Historians suspect that Plato and Xenophon, intent on showing their master in a favorable light, failed to present in their accounts the most damning evidence against Socrates.
What appears almost certain is that the decisions to prosecute and ultimately convict Socrates had a lot to do with the turbulent history of Athens in the several years preceding his trial. An examination of that history may not provide final answers, but it does provide important clues.
Pericles created the people's courts and used the public treasury to promote the arts. He pushed ahead with an unprecedented building program designed not only to demonstrate the glory that was Greece, but also to ensure full employment and provide opportunities for wealth creation among the unpropertied class.
The rebuilding of the Acropolis and the construction of the Parthenon were the two best known of Pericles' many ambitious building projects. Growing to adulthood in this bastion of liberalism and democracy, Socrates somehow developed a set of values and beliefs that would put him at odds with most of his fellow Athenians.
Socrates was not a democrat or an egalitarian. To him, the people should not be self-governing; they were like a herd of sheep that needed the direction of a wise shepherd.
He denied that citizens had the basic virtue necessary to nurture a good society, instead equating virtue with a knowledge unattainable by ordinary people. Striking at the heart of Athenian democracy, he contemptuously criticized the right of every citizen to speak in the Athenian assembly. Writing in the third-century C.
Laertius wrote that "men set upon him with their fists or tore his hair out," but that Socrates "bore all this ill-usage patiently.
In his play Cloudsfirst produced in B.
Right from the trial of Socrates to the 9/11 trials, the ruling parties had been biased, and many judgments became so controversial that it is almost impossible to find the truth except after the lapse of many years as is customarily done in the case of war crimes. - Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates The portrayal of Socrates by his student Plato creates one of the most controversial characters of all time. There are few other personalities in history that have drawn criticism and praise from the furthest ends of each spectrum. Analysis of Kafka’s Trial: At first glance, the case is a review of the judicial system, this machine to grind anonymous individuals. The entire system, the Judge Advocate through the police, is considered plagued by corruption and bureaucracy.
He is portrayed "stalking the streets" of Athens barefoot, "rolling his eyes" at remarks he found unintelligent, and "gazing up" at the clouds. Socrates at the time of Clouds must have been perceived more as a harmless town character than as a serious threat to Athenian values and democracy.
Socrates himself, apparently, took no offense at his portrayal in Clouds.The Massachusetts witch trials of the late 17th century – which reached an infamous climax in the town of Salem, in – remain some of the most fascinating cases of mass hysteria known to history.
Although the duration of the annual voyage varied with conditions, Xenophon says it took thirty-one days in (Memorabilia ); if so, Socrates lived thirty days beyond his trial, into the month of Skirophorion. A day or two before the end, Socrates’s childhood friend Crito tried to persuade Socrates to .
The trial of Socrates, the most interesting suicide the world has ever seen, produced the first martyr for free speech. As I.
F. Stone observed, just as Jesus needed the cross to fulfill his mission, Socrates needed his hemlock to fulfill his. Likewise, in a subject taken from Greek history (Death of Socrates, above), David emphasizes individual heroism and self-sacrifice in service ofintellectual freedom.
Socrates was a teacher, a philosopher, but the Athenians rejected his ideas and methods. The trial of Socrates The Trial of Socrates refers to the trial and the subsequent execution of the classical Athenian philosopher Socrates in BC.
Socrates was tried on the basis of two notoriously ambiguous charges: corrupting the youth and impiety. Linder is considering an expansion to include five famous trials (ranging from the B.C.
trial of Socrates to the trial over the beating of Rodney King). The list reflects Linder’s interests, as there is no effort to explain what accounts for fame.