Case study on a patient with heart failure

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Case study on a patient with heart failure

Are there other surgeries that can be done for people with heart failure? What is heart failure? The term "Heart Failure" can be scary, and is misleading. The heart does not "fail" in the sense that it suddenly stops.

It doesn't mean that you're about to die.

HeFSSA | Heart Failure Society of South Africa

It means the heart is not working as efficiently as it should. Heart "failure"occurs when the heart muscle cannot keep up with the needs the body has for blood flow. It is not a disease itself, but is rather a "syndrome" a syndrome is a collection of findings which may arise from a number of causes.

Most often, it is caused by weakening of the heart muscle "cardiomyopathy"leaving it unable to pump enough blood.

It is termed "congestive" heart failure commonly referred to as "CHF" because fluids typically build up in the body, which is then said to be congested. In addition to heart failure caused from a weakened heart, there are two other major varieties of heart failure.

These are CHF secondary to thick "muscle-bound" hearts this is termed "diastolic dysfunction"and CHF due to the body having needs which are too high for even a normal heart to keep up with. This occurs, for example in some cases of thyroid disease in which too much thyroid hormone is produced, in persons with anemia, or several other conditions.

What causes the weakening of the heart? There are multiple causes to weakening of the muscle. It is not unusual for the physician to be unable to even find a reason. When the heart suffers a heart attacksome of the heart muscle dies and is replaced by scars.

For more about this topic, please follow the link. Long-term high blood pressure, which causes the heart muscle to become too thick see belowor to "wear out" from prolonged overwork. Diseases of the heart valves, which may cause the heart to "pump blood twice" because of leaky valves or to have to pump extra hard against valves which don't open enough.

Heart defects present from birth "Congenital Heart Disease" Excess alcohol consumption, which can weaken the heart muscle.

Infections of the heart muscle, particularly viral infections. Inflammation of the heart muscle from past infections or other causes. It can be caused by illicit drugs. Diabetes is frequently associated with heart failure, but is not usually its only cause. It can occur after treatment with some chemotherapeutic agents used to treat cancer.

Is there more than one type?

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It is not the same thing as CHF. The heart muscle itself may be normal despite the fact CHF is present in cases caused by thyroid problems, anemia, or some other causes.

Additionally, there may not be CHF despite the fact there is weakened heart muscle. Cardiomyopathies are classically divided into three types: The heart is generally enlarged, and it's pumping mechanism is diminished.

This entity will be covered in a separate section of the HeartPoint Gallery.

Case study on a patient with heart failure

My doctor says that my heart muscle isn't weak "diastolic dysfunction". Why then do I have heart failure? You probably have a disorder of the heart muscle which leads to the symptoms of heart failure because it is "stiff". In this situation, the heart muscle is also often thick.

The blood which empties into the heart is easily squeezed out, but the problem is that it's hard to get the blood into the pumping chambers because of their thickness and stiffness. I like to have people think about different types of balloons. Remember those little balloons that you got as a kid that were so hard to blow up?

It made your cheeks stiff trying to get them blown up! If you let them go after they were blown up, the air came out quickly and the balloon shot quickly across the room. The point however is that it was hard to blow them up, and you built up a lot of pressure in the chamber behind the balloon your mouth and cheeks!Because this patient cannot breathe or talk easily, prioritize the immediate nursing assessments upon admission.

Assess respiratory status (lung sounds, 02 saturations radio assessment (assess the HRS and rhythm, BP, heart . Background. Many approaches have been considered to reduce heart failure (HF) readmissions.

The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JC) requires hospitals to provide patients admitted for HF with discharge instructions that address 6 topics related to HF management: diet, exercise, weight monitoring, worsening symptoms, medications, and follow-up appointments.

Heart Failure Program. Description of Program Heart failure is a progressive, chronic condition characterized with higher rates of hospitalizations and readmissions within thirty days.

13 Case study of a patient with heart failure Chapter aims • To provide you with an example of the nursing care that a patient with heart failure may require • To encourage you to research and deepen your knowledge of heart failure Introduction This chapter provides you with an example of the nursing care.

C O N G E S T I V E H E A R T F A I L U R E. What is heart failure? What causes the weakening of the heart? What is "cardiomyopathy"? Is there more than one type? Millions of people experience irregular or abnormal heartbeats, called arrhythmias, at some point in their timberdesignmag.com of the time, they are harmless and happen in healthy people free of heart disease.

HeartPoint: Congestive Heart Failure Tell Me More