Reuters They're violent, they're ruthless, they have caused misery to many, but you can't fault their business sense:
Etymology[ edit ] The word mafia originated in Sicily. The Sicilian adjective mafiusu in Italian: In reference to a man, mafiusu in 19th century Sicily was ambiguous, signifying a bully, arrogant but also fearless, cosa nostra kidd business plan and proud, according to scholar Diego Gambetta.
The Sicilian word mafie refers to the caves near Trapani and Marsala which were often used as hiding places for refugees and criminals. Sicily was once an Islamic emiratetherefore mafia might have Arabic roots.
Possible Arabic roots of the word include: The words mafia and mafiusi are never mentioned in the play; they were probably put in the title to add a local flair. The play is about a Palermo prison gang with traits similar to the Mafia: Soon after, the use of the term "mafia" began appearing in the Italian state's early reports on the phenomenon.
The word made its first official appearance in in a report by the prefect of Palermo Filippo Antonio Gualterio.
Giovanni Falconethe anti-Mafia judge murdered by the Mafia inhowever, objected to the conflation of the term "Mafia" with organized crime in general: While there was a time when people were reluctant to pronounce the word "Mafia" I am no longer willing to accept the habit of speaking of the Mafia in descriptive and all-inclusive terms that make it possible to stack up phenomena that are indeed related to the field of organised crime but that have little or nothing in common with the Mafia.
Senate Committee on Government Operations in known as the Valachi hearings. InMafia turncoat Tommaso Buscetta revealed to anti-mafia magistrate Giovanni Falcone that the term was used by the Sicilian Mafia, as well.
Mafiosi are known among themselves as "men of honour" or "men of respect". Definitions[ edit ] It is difficult to exactly define the single function or goal of the phenomenon of the Mafia.
Until the early s, mafia was generally considered a unique Sicilian cultural attitude and form of power, excluding any corporate or organisational dimension.
He saw the Mafia as an "industry of violence" and described the designation of the term "mafia": Mafia is the consciousness of one's own worth, the exaggerated concept of individual force as the sole arbiter of every conflict, of every clash of interests or ideas.
It should be noted that with the word Mafia, the Sicilians intend to express two things, two social phenomena, that can be analyzed in separate ways even though they are closely related.
The Mafia, or rather the essence of the Mafia, is a way of thinking that requires a certain line of conduct such as maintaining one's pride or even bullying in a given situation.
On the other hand, the same word in Sicily can also indicate, not a special organization, but the combination of many small organizations, that pursue various goals, in the course of which its members almost always do things which are basically illegal and sometimes even criminal.
Judicial investigations and scientific research in the s provided solid proof of the existence of well-structured Mafia groups with entrepreneurial characteristics. The Mafia was seen as an enterprise, and its economic activities became the focus of academic analyses.
The economic approach to explain the Mafia did illustrate the development and operations of the Mafia business, but neglected the cultural symbols and codes by which the Mafia legitimized its existence and by which it rooted itself into Sicilian society. Article bis defines an association as being of Mafia-type nature "when those belonging to the association exploit the potential for intimidation which their membership gives them, and the compliance and omerta which membership entails and which lead to the committing of crimes, the direct or indirect assumption of management or control of financial activities, concessions, permissions, enterprises and public services for the purpose of deriving profit or wrongful advantages for themselves or others.
According to historian Salvatore Lupo, "if everything is Mafia, nothing is Mafia. They use their fearsome reputation for violence to deter people from swindling, robbing, or competing with those who pay them for protection.
For many businessmen in Sicily, they provide an essential service when they cannot rely on the police and judiciary to enforce their contracts and protect their properties from thieves this is often because they are engaged in black market deals.
The Mafia is all of these but none of these exclusively. In fact, they have been known to spread deliberate lies about their past, and sometimes come to believe in their own myths.A business plan is a written document that describes an idea for a product or service and how it will make money.
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