The Westerlands The westerlands are a place of rugged hills and rolling plains, of misty dales and craggy shorelines, a place of blue lakes and sparkling rivers and fertile fields, of broadleaf forests that teem with game of every sort, where half-hidden doors in the sides of wooded hills open onto labyrinthine caves that wend their way through darkness to reveal unimaginable wonders and vast treasures deep beneath the earth. These are rich lands, temperate and fruitful, shielded by high hills to the east and south and the endless blue waters of the Sunset Sea to the west. Men came here in the Dawn Age, it is said, but before them the children of the forest made their homes in the woods, whilst giants dwelled amongst the hills, where their bones can still occasionally be found. Neither of these elder races proved able to withstand the First Men, who came with fire and bronze axes to cut down the forests, plough the fields, and drive roads through the hill country where the giants made their abodes.
Definitions Some definitions or uses of the term Wahhabi Islam include: King Salman bin Abdul AzizKing of Saudi Arabia  "a misguided creed that fosters intolerance, promotes simplistic theology, and restricts Islam's capacity for adaption to diverse and shifting circumstances" David Commins, paraphrasing opponents' definition  "a conservative reform movement Starting out as a theological reform movement, it had "the goal of calling da'wa people to restore the 'real' meaning of tawhid oneness of God or monotheism and to disregard and deconstruct 'traditional' disciplines and practices that evolved in Islamic history such as theology and jurisprudence and the traditions of visiting tombs and shrines of venerated individuals.
The term is "most frequently used in countries where Salafis are a small minority" of the Muslim community but "have made recent inroads" in "converting" the local population to Salafism.
Quintan Wiktorowicz  a blanket term used inaccurately to refer to "any Islamic movement that has an apparent tendency toward misogyny, militantism, extremism, or strict and literal interpretation of the Quran and hadith" Natana J.
The British also adopted it and expanded its use in the Middle East. Wahhabis, Muwahhidun, and Salafis Wahhabis do not like — or at least did not like — the term.
Ibn Abd-Al-Wahhab was averse to the elevation of scholars and other individuals, including using a person's name to label an Islamic school. It is a social movement that began years ago to rid Islam of rigid cultural practices that had been acquired over the centuries.
According to American scholar Christopher M. Blanchard,  Wahhabism refers to "a conservative Islamic creed centered in and emanating from Saudi Arabia", while Salafiyya is "a more general puritanical Islamic movement that has developed independently at various times and in various places in the Islamic world".
And "two important and interrelated features" that distinguished Salafis from the Wahhabis: Abou El Fadl believes Wahhabism rebranded itself as Salafism knowing it could not "spread in the modern Muslim world" as Wahhabism.
After the discovery of petroleum near the Persian Gulf init had access to oil export revenues, revenue that grew to billions of dollars. This money — spent on books, media, schools, universities, mosques, scholarships, fellowships, lucrative jobs for journalists, academics and Islamic scholars — gave Wahhabism a "preeminent position of strength" in Islam around the world.
There he worked to spread the call da'wa for what he believed was a restoration of true monotheistic worship Tawhid.
However, a more powerful chief Sulaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Ghurayr pressured Uthman ibn Mu'ammar to expel him from 'Uyayna. Whoever championed his message, ibn Abdul Wahhab promised, "will, by means of it, rule the lands and men". According to Natana DeLong-Bas, Ibn Abd al-Wahhab was restrained in urging fighting with perceived unbelievers, preferring to preach and persuade rather than attack.
However, Egyptian forces acting under the Ottoman Empire and led by Ibrahim Pashawere eventually successful in counterattacking in a campaign starting from Its borders being within Najd, Wahhabism was protected from further Ottoman or Egyptian campaigns by the Najd's isolation, lack of valuable resources, and that era's limited communication and transportation.
History of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saudthe first king of Saudi Arabia InAbdul-Aziz Ibn Sauda fifth generation descendant of Muhammad ibn Saud,  began a military campaign that led to the conquest of much of the Arabian peninsula and the founding of present-day Saudi Arabiaafter the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.
His political and military success gave the Wahhabi ulama control over religious institutions with jurisdiction over considerable territory, and in later years Wahhabi ideas formed the basis of the rules and laws concerning social affairs, and shaped the kingdom's judicial and educational policies.
Ibn Saud sought "a more relaxed approach". Over the objections of Wahhabi ulama, Ibn Saud permitted both the driving of automobiles and the attendance of Shia at hajj.
King Abdul-Aziz put down rebelling Ikhwan — nomadic tribesmen turned Wahhabi warriors who opposed his "introducing such innovations as telephones, automobiles, and the telegraph" and his "sending his son to a country of unbelievers Egypt ". Voluntary contact was considered by Wahhabi clerics to be at least a sin, and if one enjoyed the company of idolaters, and "approved of their religion", an act of unbelief.
To combat it, Wahhabi missionary outreach worked closely with Saudi foreign policy initiatives. In Maya conference in Mecca organized by Saudis discussed ways to combat secularism and socialism.
In its wake, the World Muslim League was established.James Stenzel Presents This Scholarly Library of Facts about Domestic & Worldwide Zionist Criminality. The Jew Watch Project Is The Internet's Largest Scholarly Collection of Articles on Zionist History Free Educational Library for Private Study, Scholarship, Research & News About Zionism.
START HERE IF YOU KNOW WHAT SUBGENRE CATEGORY YOU LIKE ALIENS ON EARTH: they came from outer space ALTERNATE WORLDS: history might have happened differently ANTIGRAVITY: what goes up may not come down BAMBI'S CHILDREN: animals who speak, think, or act human BEAM ME UP: matter transmission, techno-teleportation BEYOND THE FIELDS WE KNOW: magical world .
October 3, STRAIGHT STUFF In this issue we introduce Griff Ruby, author of The Resurrection of the Roman Catholic Church as a regular contributor to The Daily Catholic with his inaugural column in a series he has chosen to call "STRAIGHT STUFF." The Church has given us the perfect role models to seek purity in all ways.
Secret Societies And the New World Order - by William Cooper - Overview of Secret Societies - Beneath the broad tides of human history there flow the stealthy undercurrents of the secret societies, which frequently determine in the depth the changes that take place upon the surface.
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