Ad hoc or informal distribution International experience Countries where these programmes exist include:
Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. For assistance, please send e-mail to: Type Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail. Syringe Exchange Programs United States, Persons who inject drugs should use a new, sterile needle and syringe for each injection 1.
Syringe exchange programs SEPs provide free sterile syringes and collect used syringes from injection-drug users IDUs to reduce transmission of bloodborne pathogens, including human immunodeficiency virus HIVhepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus HCV.
To characterize SEPs in the United States, this report summarizes the findings from that survey and compares them with previous SEP survey results from the period 2 Inthe SEPs reported exchanging Most of the SEPs reported offering preventive health and clinical services in addition to basic syringe exchange: Providing comprehensive prevention services and referrals to IDUs, such as those offered by many SEPs, can help reduce the spread of bloodborne infections and should increase access to health care and substance abuse treatment, thus serving as an effective public health approach for this population.
Follow-up telephone interviews were conducted with the program directors by research staff members to clarify unclear or missing responses received on hard copy surveys.
To protect participant confidentiality, many SEPs do not collect client-level data e. The data collection and analysis methods for this report are similar to those used in previous SEP surveys 2 The analyses for this report are limited to frequencies.
To assess changes in funding over time, budgets from previous years were adjusted to dollars.
Data were compiled to show the numbers of programs known to NASEN, numbers of programs completing the surveys, syringes exchanged, and budget information for the surveys conducted from through Table 1. Rapid growth occurred in the number of SEPs in the United States in the s and early s, followed by more incremental growth through SEPs were categorized as small, medium, large, or very large based on the number of syringes exchanged during Table 2 ; SEPs reported exchanging a total of 29 million syringes in Inmany SEPs operated multiple sites, including fixed sites and mobile units.
The total number of hours that clients were served by SEPs was summed for all sites operated by each program. In addition to exchanging syringes, SEPs provided various supplies, services, and referrals in ; the percentage of programs providing each type of service was similar for the period Table 3.
Editorial Note The findings in this report indicate that, inthe number of SEPs and the number of syringes exchanged remained similar to recent years, in contrast to a period of rapid growth from the mids through the early s.
Budgets for SEPs increased from throughwith the majority of funds coming from public sources. SEP budgets support syringe exchange and various prevention services, clinical care, and referral to substance abuse treatment.
SEPs contribute to a comprehensive approach to the prevention of bloodborne infections among IDUs and can serve as a frontline source of health services for IDUs 4.
The need for a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention for IDU is reflected in the implementation guidance for syringe services programs issued by the U.
Injection-related transmission is the only adult transmission category to show a reduction of this magnitude.
Additional services offered by SEPs, such as prevention of HCV infection and referrals to substance abuse treatment, should confer even greater benefits 10 ; additional research is needed on the role of SEPs in the prevention of HCV infection.
The findings in this report are subject to at least four limitations.
Second, certain SEPs operating within larger, community-based organizations were not able to report exact budget information because of difficulties in allocating shared costs across administrative units.
Third, client-level information on the extent and use of preventive health services is not available. Finally, data collected were based on self-reports by program directors and were not verified independently. The data in this report are from program operations duringin the midst of an economic downturn in the United States.
Syringe exchange programs will take a used syringe and exchange it so the drug user has a new sterile needle to continue using drugs. Injecting drugs is a main cause of the spreading of disease. Injecting drugs is a main cause of the spreading of disease. The purpose of needle exchange programs is to reduce the transmission of HIV and other blood-borne diseases. Recent statistics show that one fifth of all HIV and HCV infections in . Essay on Needle-Exchange Programs and The Fight against HIV/AIDS - This paper will be concerned with the issue of having needle-exchange programs (NEPs) in the United States, for the purpose of encouraging injection drug users (IDUs) to engage in safer practices.
State and local governments continue to experience budget difficulties, which might impact public health adversely.
However, the ban on federal funding of SEPs was modified for fiscal year funds, so that SEPs are now eligible for federal support, subject to provisions regarding the location of these programs.
Ongoing, systematic data collection and evaluation are important for monitoring changes in the variety and volume of SEP services in the context of these types of political and economic changes. References National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Principles of HIV prevention in drug-using populations: National Institutes of Health; Accessed November 10, Syringe exchange programsUnited States, Needle and syringe programmes are delivered in a number of ways including fixed sites, The White House () 'Federal Funding Ban on Needle Exchange Programs' (accessed 18/04/) We will not hold your personal data or use it for any other purpose.
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Name. Email address. Your. THE IMPACT OF SYRINGE AND NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAMS ON DRUG USE RATES IN THE UNITED STATES A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
In this approach to assessing the effects of needle exchange programs and the credibility of evidence surrounding a needle exchange program, we look at the consistency of the pattern of evidence that is available from multiple data sources about the same program.
Taking this approach greatly expands the depth and breadth of the evidentiary base. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the importance of needle exchange programs within our communities and promote these types of programs' abilities to assist others in the recovery process.
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) suggested that syringe exchange programs (SEP's) do have a . publicly-funded syringe and needle exchange programs lies in the fact that there is no general consensus on the primary goal of these programs, whether decreasing the transmission of blood- borne disease among injection drug users or decreasing drug use, or both.
Purpose of Needle Exchange Programs Essay - The main purpose of needle exchange programs are based on that idea that access to sterile needles will significantly reduce needle sharing and will in turn reduce HIV transmission.