This school developed in the s around the work of Emile Durkheim who argued that "social phenomena constitute a domain, or order, of reality that is independent of psychological and biological facts.
Meaning is not isolated within the specific fundamental parts of the myth, but rather within the composition of these parts. Although myth and language are of similar categories, language functions differently in myth.
Finally, language in myth exhibits more complex functions than in any other linguistic expression. From these suggestions, he draws the conclusion that myth can be broken down into constituent units, and these units are different from the constituents of language.
Reading it in sequence from left to right, top to bottom, the myth is categorized sequentially and by similarities. Thus, a structural approach towards myths is to address all of these constituents.
Furthermore, a structural approach should account for all versions of a myth, as all versions are relevant to the function of the myth as a whole.
Still, anthropologists and literary critics would both acknowledge the links between myths and relatively more contemporary literature. There is a search for the lowest constituent of the story.
He suggests that the foundation of structuralism is based upon an innate understanding of the scientific process, which seeks to break down complex phenomena into its component parts and then analyze the relations between them.
The structuralist approach to myth is precisely the same method, and as a method this can be readily applied to literature.
Subjectivity in German Idealism, Continuum,p. Boon, From Symbolism to Structuralism.- ‘Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences’ (Derrida, –) may be read as the document of an event, although Derrida actually commences the essay with a reservation regarding the word “event”, as it entails a meaning “which it is precisely the function of structural – or structuralist – thought to reduce or suspect” ().
ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORIES functionalism; and structural-functionalism, the approach advanced by Radcliffe-Brown.
Malinowski suggested that individuals have physiological needs (reproduction, food, shelter) and that social institutions exist to meet these needs. Comparative Functionalism, An Essay in Anthropological Theory. . There are four basic theories of myth. Those theories are: the rational myth theory, functional myth theory, structural myth theory, and the phsycological myth theory.
The rational myth theory states that myths were created to explain natural events and forces. Szasz, T. S., (), The Myth of Mental Illness, New York: Holber-Harper, World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, June, Continue Reading.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document Essay on Models of Health. Overview. The term "structuralism" is a related term that describes a particular philosophical/literary movement or moment.
The term appeared in the works of French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss and gave rise in France to the "structuralist movement," which influenced the thinking of other writers such as Louis Althusser, the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, as well as the .
The key developments of the modern study of myth have been, firstly, the realisation of the importance of myth to both primitive and modern cultures, secondly the development of psychological theory in regard to myth, and thirdly, the "Ã Â structural theory of myth propounded by the great French anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss.'.