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Benjamin Franklin became interested in the North Atlantic Ocean circulation patterns. Why did it take British packets several weeks longer to reach New York from England than it took an average American merchant ship to reach Newport, Rhode Islanddespite the merchant ships leaving from London and having to sail down the River Thames and then the length of the English Channel before they sailed across the Atlantic, while the packets left from Falmouth in Cornwall?
Folger explained that merchant ships Whirlpool europe analysis crossed the then-unnamed Gulf Stream—identifying it by whale behavior, measurement of the water's temperature, and changes in the water's color—while the mail packet captains ran against it.
Properties[ edit ] The Gulf Stream proper is a western-intensified current, driven largely by wind stress. In the oceanographer Henry Stommel noted that "very little water from the Gulf of Mexico is actually in the Stream".
When this current interacts with the northeastern coast of South America, the current forks into two branches. The trade winds blow westward in the tropics,  and the westerlies blow eastward at mid-latitudes. It transports water at a rate of 30 million cubic meters per second 30 sverdrups through the Florida Straits.
As it passes south of Newfoundlandthis rate increases to million cubic metres per second. It is weaker, however, than the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. The current velocity is fastest near the surface, with the maximum speed typically about 2. The cooling is wind-driven: Wind moving over the water causes evaporationcooling the water and increasing its salinity and density.
When sea ice forms, salts are left out of the ice, a process known as brine exclusion. In the North Atlantic Ocean, the water becomes so dense that it begins to sink down through less salty and less dense water.
The convective action is not unlike that of a lava lamp. This downdraft of cold, dense water becomes a part of the North Atlantic Deep Watera southgoing stream. Also, the Gulf Stream's proximity to NantucketMassachusetts adds to its biodiversityas it is the northern limit for southern varieties of plant life, and the southern limit for northern plant species, Nantucket being warmer during winter than the mainland.
However, almost all of Norway's coast remains free of ice and snow throughout the year. Effect on cyclone formation[ edit ] Hurricane Sandy intensifying along the axis of the Gulf Stream in The warm water and temperature contrast along the edge of the Gulf Stream often increase the intensity of cyclones, tropical or otherwise.
Tropical cyclone generation normally requires water temperatures in excess of Storms travel westward through the Caribbean and then either move in a northward direction and curve toward the eastern coast of the United States or stay on a north-westward track and enter the Gulf of Mexico.
Hurricane Sandy in was a recent example of a hurricane passing over the Gulf Stream and gaining strength.Stock quote for Whirlpool Corporation Common Stock Common Stock (WHR) with real-time last sale and extended hours stock prices, company news, charts, and research at Nasdaq.
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Whirlpool Europe Analysis The Whirlpool Europe case provides an opportunity to look at different ways to evaluate a major IT investment the company is considering.
To undertake this analysis we have to make a few assumptions because the case does not have all the details needed to estimate benefits and investment cost.
Whirlpool Europe Case Case one involved Whirlpool Corporation, which is the worldwide leader in the home appliance industry.
The company joined the European market in , and grew in market share over the next ten years. The Whirlpool Europe case provides an opportunity to look at different ways to evaluate a major IT investment the company is considering. To undertake this analysis we have to make a few assumptions because the case does not have all the details needed to estimate benefits and investment cost.